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What is Yoga

What is Yoga

The word yoga comes from Sanskrit word Yuj, which means yoke or union, Union is to join or attach the spirit and physical body together. Body with mind and mind with soul, We  can describe yoga as a union with god or spirit or union of the individual consciousness or soul with the universal consciousness or sprit. Yoga means union of shiva (consciousness) and shakti (energy). Shakti is kundalini energy; shiva is the supreme consciousness. Yoga Sanskrit, is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.  yoga is a path of breath control, concentration, yama (self control), niyama (self discipline) meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures. Which is widely practiced for the health and relaxation.

We should follow the purpose of yoga specially there are four aim of yoga that we should utilized in our practiced.

The first practical aim of a yogi is to understand one’s own personality, which includes the body, mind, emotions and intellect. 

The second practical aim is to awaken one’s inner powers. If all the unconscious parts of the brain can be used, the intellect will have no limit and man can become a superman.

The third practical aim of a yogi is to serve society. After attaining some ability through yoga, one should contributeto the development and maintenance of society.

The fourth state is to achieved moksha(liberation) after the practice of sadhana.

Yoga is to achieve a happy, balanced and useful life and also spiritually uniting the individual with the supreme. Yoga is an ancient art based on developing our own consciousness which includes the Tantra, Mantra, Bhakti, karma, kriya, Jana posture, asana, breathing exercise, physical exercise mudra, bandha, Shat karma (six cleansing acts), meditation and visualization.

Types and path of yoga

There are different types of yoga the various paths of yoga lead to the same point of source. All the paths of yoga incorporate the same aim: physical health, mental peace and higher awareness. The following is a list of the main branches of yoga: Hatha yoga, raja yoga, Patanjali yoga, Mantra yoga, Bhakti yoga, Dhyana yoga, karma yoga, Kriya yoga, Jnana yoga and kundalini yoga.

Raja Yoga: is the path of mental discipline (concentration)

Mantra yoga: involves reciting sacred syllables to reach perfection. Mantra yoga is a type of yoga that uses mantras to awaken the Self and deepen the meditative aspects of a physical yoga practice

Laya yoga: involves absorption in god to experience ultimate bliss. Laya yoga is an ancient form of meditation, with concentration on energy centers or chakras.

Bhakti yoga: requires absolute devotion to god to achieve the ultimate goal. 

Karma yoga: achieves this through selfless work without thought of personal reward.

 Kriya Yoga: it is a action or movement for your daily life. 

Jnana (gyana): yoga is the yoga of knowledge cultivating the discrimination between spiritual reality and the illusion of the material world.

 Kundalini Yoga: Kundalini” refers to the energy of the Root Chakra, which surrounds the area around your lower spine. Expect lots of work in your “core” area and classes are known to be pretty intense.

History of Yoga

The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred text, Rig Veda. Vedic or veda in Sanskrit means knowledge while the Sanskrit term rig means praise. Vedic yoga knowledge of sacrifice,  knowledge of chants. The Vedas are a collection of text containing songs, mantras and rituals to be used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests. The Vedas and Upanishads give some of the earliest references to the paths of yoga. In history we know as a guru a powerful yogi is Swatmarama Yogi, Yogi Goraknath, Yogi Gheranda, Maharsipatanjali, Swami sivananda, Satyananda, ,krishnamacharaya etc..

The Vedic yogis were graced with a vision or experience of the transcendental reality. The Vedic gurus or Rishis were able to see the very fabric of existence and their hymns speak of their marvelous intuitions. These scriptures form the basis of Indian religious practices but contain many varied references to yoga and other things.  There are Puranas, also ancient, which deal with the nature of the universe. Famous epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabarata contains stories of the gods and lectures on moral and philosophical subjects with references to yogis and yogic practices.  The Bhaghavad Gita is a particularly famous part of the Mahabarata, which contains a detailed discourse on yoga by Krishna to Arjuna, essentially giving lessons on life and proper conduct

Legend has it that knowledge of Yoga was first passed by Lord Shiva to his wife Parvati and then God and goddess  Yoga was slowly refined and developed by the Brahmans and Rishis (mystic seers). The rishis who first began investigation into yoga and the nature of the soul and universe implies joining or integrating all aspects of the individual. Yoga is believed to be much older than that, stemming from the oral traditions of yogis, where knowledge of yoga was handed down from the god and goddess to the guru(Rishi, who are great masters of vedic yoga) and then from guru to the sisya (spiritual student) all the way back to the originators of yoga. 

How shiva is the founder yoga? this is the main question, why all yoga posture name are from different  animal, nature and the universe? Actually One day shiva was meditation in the jungle and he was disturbed from different animal lord shiva decided to spend time with animal and he start playing with animal. When shiva was teasing animal by making his body structure like cobra, rabbit, turtore, snake the lord shiva fell amazine tranquility,  so he started research about yoga and he find  84 lakhs yoga posture.

Benefits Of Yoga

Mandala studio  gives best yoga class in kathmandu the class are not only about posture and alignment it is also about health concern that how to be healthy and happy and how to cure disease from yoga therapy here are some benefits of daily yoga practice.

  1. It removes all the tension and blockages in our body and mind with the ultimate goal to find eternal happiness, joy and bliss.
  2. Weight reduction, purity, refresh, charming & glowing
  3. Stimulates digestive peristalsis and also improves respiration, energy and vitality.
  4. Relieves sciatic pain by relaxing the nerves system
  5. Develops muscular coordination, nervous balance and concentration
  6. Improve flexibility and blood circulation in whole body
  7. Massage the abdominal organs, tones the reproductive system and makes the pelvic area supply
  8. Tranquillizes the mind, relieves mental and emotional stress and helps clear psychological disturbances, boosting the immune system
  9. Removes constipation and indigestion
  10. Strengthens the hamstring, back muscle, make the back supply and tones the spinal nerves.

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